In higher education, a discouraged faculty member often works under a non-supportive perhaps foe department chair as a supervisor. The former isn’t the only reason why faculty gets discouraged but is a certainly a deciding factor in employee encouragement. Human beings are creatures of habit who seek safety and comfort as requisites of encouragement.
If danger or the perception of danger is being conveyed directly or indirectly in the unit, eminent problems will arise often resulting in dissatisfaction usually resulting in feelings of discouragement. Many, when seeing eminent danger, hide themselves eventually leaving the academic unit.
“The prudent sees danger and hides himself, but the simple go on and suffer for it.” Proverbs 22:3.
Like in any other organization, colleges and universities are hierarchical systems where information is shared and kept secret depending on who is chosen to receive much need it relevant information. The less informed a faculty member is, the more anxiety he or she feels resulting in predictable turn over.
Moral of the story: A great leader is to do what he or she can to minimize secrecy and encourage others in order to send a message of safety and comfort. At least, this is what I believe in. When in doubt, be uplifting and supportive. It’s the best course of action. Do what you can to keep your people.